The queen is the largest termite of the colony. It can grow up to
about 10cm long. In order to move, she needs several hundred workers
to push her. She becomes an egg laying machine. She lays up to 1000
eggs a day. She remains in her royal chamber where she is attended to
and fed by the workers, and is fertilized by the king. The Queen
termite creates the colony by laying eggs and tending to the colony
until enough workers and nymphs are produced to care for the colony.
She can live for more than ten years and produce hundreds of eggs each
year. Colonies can each have several million termites with the help of
secondary queens who also produce eggs. Identification of the queen
termite can be done by looking at her body as she will have a longer
body that is lightly colored with a small head.
The eggs are removed from the royal chamber and transferred to a
nursery by the workers. Here the brood (the eggs and nymphs) develops
into other castes that the colony requires for development and
survival; workers, soldiers and primary or secondary reproductives.